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Learning difficulties
Posted By admin , On 25 January 2012
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By Deviyani Pathak


Throughout our life, learning acts as an ongoing process. It plays a vital role in the development on an individual. Any hindrance or difficulty in the process of learning, can have a lasting impact on the attainment of skills needed, for the overall development of the child. Many-a-times children experience difficulties in this learning process. They may exhibit a huge discrepancy in their oral and written work, the former taking precedence over the later. What is learnt naturally, they learn differently.

Learning difficulty has a number of definitions stating its characteristics. However, my attempt here is to make it easier for us to acquaint ourselves with the term "learning difficulty". Children with learning difficulties have average or above average intelligence, however they experience difficulties with in the area of reading, writing, spelling or math. The difficulties can be broadly classified into three parts;

1. Dyslexia which is indicative of the child experiencing difficulties with reading, spelling and comprehension.

What to look for;

Reversals of letters (p for q)

Omissions while spelling (for in place of four)

Spelling words phonetically(fite for fight)

Additions while reading ( reading for read)

Reading words on the basis of sight (maker for market)

Capitalization and punctuations.

Reading is slow and fragmented.

Difficulty comprehending read matter.

Difficulty recalling read matter.


2.Dyscalculia which is indicative of the child experiencing difficulty in math. It involves difficulty in understanding numbers and mathematical operations.

What to look for;

Reversals of numbers (6 for 9 or 12 for 21).

Understanding mathematical concepts.

Understanding basic mathematical operations like addition and subtraction.

Confusion with use of mathematical signs (using+ in place of X).

Difficulty solving problems involving various steps and multiple operations.

It should be kept in mind that children experiencing difficulty only in the area of math (dyscalculia) might be able to comprehend word problems well. However, they might experience difficulties using appropriate mathematical operations for the same.


3. Dysgraphia which is indicative of the child experiencing difficulty in the area of writing.

What to look for;

Reversals of numbers and letters while writing (6 for 9 or 12 for 21).

Writing backwards

Difficulties with maintaining a line.

Difference in the size of letters for the same words.

Sloppy handwriting

Difficulties with spacing words and letters.

Along with these symptoms there may be underlying difficulties experienced in the following areas:

Motor skills-

Children might experience difficulties with fine and gross motor skills.

Directionality-

understanding directions
Perception.
Routine activities
Sequencing of activities


Time management. (Each of these will be discussed in detail in the proceeding articles.)

Some children till a certain age may exhibit some reversals or spelling errors. Merely the presence of these symptoms cannot assert that the child is experiencing a difficulty. Therefore, when we see these symptoms it is advisable to visit a specialist and seek guidance and not engage into coming to conclusions about the child experiencing difficulty.




 #1 Comment
Posted By Deviyani,    Posted On 2012-02-07
Your always welcome. This article however, is a brief introduction.
 #2 Comment
Posted By Lekha,    Posted On 2012-02-02
A very informative article about Learning Difficulties,thanks for sharing.
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