By Deviyani Pathak
therapies for children with special needs.
It a term which often leaves parents
confused and in a fix. Which therapies are available, which are most suited for
my child, why should I avail of such therapies and many such questions. I
attempt to briefly explain the various kinds of therapies available-
They provide what we call remediation therapy
which caters to the difficulty experienced by the child (Cognitive
Functioning). Special educators make an attempt to bridge the gap between the
child's current functioning level and the skills that are required as per
his/her chronological age. Although the degree of being able to master a
particular skill differs for every child.
They deal with difficulties experienced with the
fine and gross motor skills. There is a difference between an occupational
therapist and physiotherapists. We shall get into the technical details for each
of these in later articles since here we are only putting light on the various
therapies available. They also aid enhancing areas of attention perception and
Some children may experience difficulties in
speech which may sometimes be due to some underlying oro-motor difficulties. In
such a case a speech therapist trains the child and develops his skills in the
area of verbal(spoken) language.
Psychologists/ Psychiatrists/ Clinical
We may need each of these at a different stage in
time and their need also might differ. They are the who assess and diagnose and
provide a guideline for special educators for planning the goals to be
achieved. Sometimes children experience emotional difficulties which need
attention. It is then that psychologists play an important role.
There are a number of behavior therapists , play
therapists and so on but here we have mentioned the most frequently mentioned
people. It is very important to understand that a child might experience difficulties
in more than one of the areas, so more than one therapy would be essential for
the child's development. None of the therapies work in isolation, they
simultaneously work for the overall progress. Another, important thing to keep
in mind is consistency. Providing any therapy in fragments will not be able to
show as much progress as continuous therapies.
Parents can feel free to put in their doubts with
details of the child's difficulties or a scanned copy of the formal report if
any. We will be more than willing to guide you, what according to are the
possible actions beneficial for your child. The information will remain